Brick Pattern House, Teheran, Iran. Arsitek: mashhadimirza Architects (Allireza Mashhadimirza), Iran

Minimnya budget = bahan lokal + pekerja lokal.

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Catatanku:
Perumahan ini adalah contoh baik di mana keputusan-keputusan pragmatis tidak membuat desain menjadi tumpul. Dan filosofi dalam merancang ada pada tubuh, bukan pada imajinasi atau pemikiran yang puitis dan mengawang-awang.
Inti dari desain perumahan ini adalah masalah budget, karena perumahan ini dibuat untuk komunitas kelas sosial bawah dan terletak di daerah miskin.
Dari proyek ini juga terbukti jika royek pragmatis yang sangat berorientasi pada budget bisa mengarah ke masalah sustainability. Arsitek ini menggunakan bata yang merupakan produk unggulan daerah tersebut. Dengan demikian ia menggunakan produk lokal yang tentu saja harganya bisa ditekan, sekaligus tidak menciptakan banyak jejak karbon, dan selain itu juga merevitalisasi dan memberi nilai baru terhadap bata, yang bagi warga daerah tersebut merupakan produk tradisi.
Pada proyek ini, pekerja bangunan adalah warga itu sendiri.
Memberdayakan warga untuk membangun rumahnya sendiri ini bukan hanya masalah romanstisme terhadap metode membangun masa lalu (gotong-royong), tapi cara ini mengizinkan terjadinya transfer pengetahuan akan konstruksi, estetika, dan nilai-nilai bekerjasama yang baru.
Metode yang diaplikasi arsitek dalam membuat konstruksi bata terbilang unik, karena ia membuat kodifikasi masing-masing sambungan agar semua orang bisa dengan cepat memahami konsep sambungan bata tersebut.
Bagaimana arsitek memposisikan dirinya dalam proyek ini juga patut dihargai, karena ia berusaha sekali meminimalisir peran langsungnya terhadap proyek dengan cara membuat gambar secukupnya, juga mengurangi supervisi. Sebagai gantinya adalah transfer pengetahuan dan kodifikasi yang ia rancang. Mengapa hal ini dirasakan perlu? Kembali jawabannya untuk mengurangi biaya.

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Konsep & objektif dari arsitek:

BRICK PATTERN HOUSE The building is located in a very poor area of our city and has been built on a low budget. It has 4 floors, each 62m2 in a plot size of only 130m2. In this aspect, the facade carries a social message and shows that even in areas like this with a small budget we can have an architectural effort. In our country, labor wage is proportionally low and the possibility of creating special designs on smaller scales is more than developed countries. In this project, we tried to be creative on using local labors and show how valuable a brick facade could be. Although brick is a traditional material in our historical architecture, the result does not look traditional. The inventive method of using brick has given a new value to this traditional material. a great effort has been put in the execution process to make a special brick job in a new approach. The 3-D Brick Shell and Execution Method with 23 Boxes: The building that we were planning to design had only one facade. The façade had a 6 meter width and a 15 meter height. To create the different shadows on the façade and control the light we decided to design a 3-D façade. We had some limitation in our project in respect of size and not having the possibility to have balconies or negative space on the external façade it made us use the minimum depth needed to create a 3-D brick texture façade without losing any space. The bricks have been placed in a specific manner to control the sunlight and keep the building cool. The 3D brick shell acts as a mesh which creates shadows both on the external façade wall and the interior space .This mesh reduce the sun radiation and will help energy saving during summer in a hot climate with high sun radiation.
The 3D brick wall has also a cultural value. In our country people care so much about privacy in their houses and they usually use curtains to block the windows. Therefore, they will miss the outside view .With this semi-transparent brick wall there is no need to put curtains and we can still have outside view. Two existing plane trees facing the facade can be seen very closely from the living rooms of each floor.
In respect of the low budget we needed to create a method which does not make us produce lots of executive drawings or does not need a great amount of time for supervision. So the whole executive process was condensed in an instruction which is based on numbers and digits. We named this instruction “Method 23” because everything is associated with the number 23. 23 brick rows, 23 sliced bricks, 23 boxes of bricks, and 23 columns of structural supports.

Method 23 In this method an instruction in only one A4 page is given to the client. According to this instruction the client obtains 23 brick boxes. Each box contains the numbered and sliced bricks. As it is shown in the chart for example there will be 23 bricks in the first box from No.1 to No.23 and in the 23rd box there will be only one brick which is brick No.23. All the bricks are drilled like it is shown in the picture.The 23 boxes will be placed in each floor. the work man will first open the box No.1 and will put the bricks in to the framework from number 1 to 23. The same job will be done for all the boxes and all the floors.This method is like putting together pieces of a simple puzzle each piece has a code and it is easy to put it in right place. So this method will lessen the need for supervision and the installation can be done in a short time and by unprofessional workers. As a result the execution cost will decrease.

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About gitahastarika

Arsip kerjaan dan bukan kerjaan.

One comment

  1. Pingback: Dari WAF, Yang Tercatat « Gitahastarika’s Weblog

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